Syrian independent exile media

This study focuses on the Syrian independent exile media organisations and institutions that have developed
since the 2011 uprising. These media emerged and developed amid a war of unprecedented scope and complexity and its impact forced most if not all of the independent media organisations and institutions that emerged after 2011 to leave Syria.

The Syrian independent exile media as a sector is at the core of this study. To understand the unique nature of this sector, the study contextualises the issues pertaining to the Syrian independent exile media in the wider framework of exile media globally, and donors’ approaches to media development in the context of conflict, post-conflict and fragile states (including approaches to exile media); it also discusses lessons learned more generally and draws on examples through case studies.

The study is divided into two parts:

  1. Independent exile media globally — practices,
    policies and lessons learned;
  2. Syrian exile organisations and institutions.

The development of the Syrian independent media organisations and institutions was itself a kind of revolution that challenged and provided an alternative to the highly controlled pre-war Syrian media landscape.

Now, the case of the Syrian independent media sector proves that professional development and achievement is possible even in the most extreme situations. Efforts to consolidate the media organisations professionally and institutionally continues, even if, with far less support available, many media organisations are closing or have been considering doing so. A number of media organisations are trying to adjust their strategies to survive amid the crisis while maintaining their professional development.

In other words, the Syrian alternative and independent media sector is at a crossroads.