To identify the appropriate activities that match the needs of the media in the countries we work, it is important to understand the nature and features of the political, social and economic contexts of those countries. We work within four types of fluid political and social contexts:
- Conflict countries and failed states
These countries suffer from armed or socio-political conflict, and also include failed states where state institutions have ceased to operate and are supplanted by non-elected groups.
- Immediate post-conflict and transitional countries
Post-conflict countries are emerging from armed or socio-political conflict, where a fluid and dynamic environment provides the potential for both positive and negative rapid transformation of the country’s situation.
- Democratic development countries
Countries undergoing a democratic development are engaged in longer-term democratisation processes, often after prolonged periods of authoritarian governance.
- Authoritarian countries and repressive democracies
Authoritarian regimes do not make an effort to appear democratic. In these countries there are no formal constitutional provisions safeguarding press freedom. Repressive democracies practice the veneer of democratic processes, such as elections and independent judiciaries, but are dominated by authoritarian governments that ignore the rule of law.